Computer technology plays an integral role in our personal and professional lives. The ability to utilise this technology has become the new literacy for the 21st century and is of critical importance in enabling Australia to compete successfully in the global community. Teachers who utilise ICT appropriately within their classroom in return helps students engage in challenging their metacognitive skills and to assist metacognition development which in return can create a rich student centred leaning space.
‘Metacognition’ refers to knowledge concerning one’s own cognitive processes, and the active monitoring and consequent regulation of these processes in the pursuit of goals or objectives. By implementing ICT appropriately within the classroom, it can in return, trigger these important aspects for student learning outcomes. As well as targeting student engagement through metacognitive ICT strategies such as utilising blogs, web pages, posters or video recording, teachers should also promote critical thinking in relation to blooms taxonomy of lower and higher ordered questioning.
There are numerous frameworks out that help teachers ensure that their ICT ideas are appropriate, target what they want to achieve and are valid and effective strategies for student outcomes. The first one is called TPACK which involves identifying the knowledge teachers need to teach effectively with technology by the complex interplay of three primary forms of knowledge: Content (CK), Pedagogy (PK), and Technology (TK). The TPACK approach goes beyond seeing these three knowledge bases in isolation.
The second framework is known as SAMR and consists of:
Substitute, Augmentation, Modification, Redefinition
1. Substitution: the computer stands in for another technological tool without a significant change in the tool’s function.
2. Augmentation: the computer replaces another technological tool, with significant functionality increase.
3. Modification: the computer enables the redesign of significant portions of a task.
4. Redefinition: the computer allows for the creation of new tasks that would otherwise be inconceivable without the technology.
SAMR, is designed to help educators integrate technology into teaching and learning and aims to enable teachers to design, develop, and integrate digital learning experiences that utilize technology to transform learning experiences to lead to high levels of achievement for students.
After classroom teachers have integrated the most appropriate ICT strategy for their students, they then have to ensure that their students are digitally safe and use the internet effectively. A useful Acronym is STAR.
S – Support others when they need it
T – Take care with your talk and use appropriate words
A – Always ensure that you never reveal your personal details online
R – Respect others and their property and always be kind and considerate.
Classrooms should feel connectedness within everyone who enters it. This meaning that teachers need to create a connected classroom learning environment for all students. This results in a safe, rich, supportive and effective digital learning environment and experience for both students and the teacher.
This YouTube can be one of many used to shoe to students about the issue of cyber safety